Nov 1, 2023 | Eye Health Info

The Connection Between Diabetes and Eye Health

When we think of diabetes, we typically think about blood sugar levels, insulin injections, and managing our diet. But did you know that diabetes can also affect your eye health? It’s true! Diabetes can have a significant impact on various parts of the body, including the eyes. Let’s take a closer look at the link between diabetes and eye health and how regular eye exams can help you protect your eyesight.  

How diabetes affects your eye health 

Diabetes affects our eye health in several ways. High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels in the retina, causing them to leak fluid or bleed. This can lead to a condition called diabetic retinopathy which can cause vision loss and even blindness. People with diabetes are also at increased risk of developing cataracts, a clouding of the lens of the eye, and glaucoma, a group of diseases that damage the optic nerve. These conditions can also lead to vision loss if left untreated. 

The importance of regular eye exams 

The earlier you detect diabetic eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, the more effective the treatment is likely to be. That’s why it’s important to have regular eye exams with your eye doctor so they can keep an eye on your eye health. If they detect any issues early, they can recommend the best treatment to prevent vision loss. This greatly increases your chances of minimizing the impact of the disease on your eyesight. 

An eye exam can also help detect other eye problems unrelated to diabetes, such as age-related macular degeneration and dry eye. 

Having diabetes puts you at a higher risk of developing eye problems. By being proactive, you can help protect your vision and take the necessary steps to prevent or manage diabetic eye complications. At Giles Eye Care in Portland, Maine, our eye doctor Dr. Tracy K. Giles is experienced in detecting and treating conditions related to diabetes. If you have diabetes or are at risk of developing it, schedule an appointment with us today. We can help you maintain healthy eyes and preserve your vision.